Level 2: Major Incident

Detailed Guidance and Preparedness Tips

Understanding Level 2 Emergencies

A Level 2 emergency denotes a significant incident that disrupts a sizable portion of the affected community. These emergencies require timely and coordinated responses to manage the situation effectively. Understanding the characteristics and appropriate responses to Level 2 emergencies is essential for ensuring safety and minimizing disruption.

Characteristics of Level 2 Emergencies

  1. Timely Notifications:

    • Incident commanders determine the timing of notifications to relevant authorities and the public.

    • Utilization of public alert systems to inform the community.

  2. Assistance from External Organizations:

    • Possible support from neighboring communities, state, and federal agencies.

    • Collaboration with non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and volunteer groups.

  3. Activation of Emergency Plans:

    • Partial or full activation of the Integrated Emergency Management Plan (IEMP) and Emergency Operations Center (EOC) may be required.

    • Mobilization of emergency response teams and resources.

Examples of Level 2 Emergencies

  • Structure Fire:

    • Significant damage to one or more buildings.

    • Potential for casualties and displacement of residents.

  • Severe Flooding:

    • Extensive water damage affecting homes, infrastructure, and transportation.

    • High risk of health issues due to contaminated water and disrupted services.

  • Multi-Fatality Incident:

    • Incident causing multiple casualties, requiring a coordinated medical and emergency response.

    • Potential impact on community services and resources.

  • Significant Hazardous Materials Release:

    • Release of hazardous substances requiring specialized response and containment.

    • Potential health and environmental risks.

Preparedness Tips for Level 2 Emergencies

  1. Stay Informed:

    • Monitor local news, weather updates, and official alerts through TV, radio, and mobile apps.

    • Sign up for emergency notification systems in your area.

  2. Create an Emergency Kit:

    • Include essential items such as non-perishable food, water, medications, first aid supplies, flashlights, batteries, and important documents.

    • Ensure the kit is easily accessible and check it regularly for expired items.

  3. Develop a Family Emergency Plan:

    • Identify safe locations inside and outside your home.

    • Designate a meeting point and emergency contacts.

    • Practice evacuation routes and safety procedures with all family members.

  4. Secure Your Home:

    • Reinforce doors, windows, and roofs to withstand severe weather.

    • Install smoke detectors, fire extinguishers, and carbon monoxide detectors.

    • Store hazardous materials safely and know how to shut off utilities.

  5. Stay Connected:

    • Keep a list of emergency contacts including family, neighbors, and local authorities.

    • Use social media and community networks to stay updated and connected.

  6. Community Involvement:

    • Participate in local emergency preparedness programs and drills.

    • Volunteer with local emergency response teams or community organizations.

Responding to Level 2 Emergencies

  1. Immediate Actions:

    • Follow official instructions from emergency services.

    • Evacuate if ordered or move to designated shelters.

    • Use emergency supplies as needed.

  2. During the Emergency:

    • Stay calm and assist others if possible.

    • Keep communication lines open for updates and instructions.

    • Use battery-powered radios or mobile devices to receive information.

  3. Post-Emergency:

    • Return home only when authorities declare it safe.

    • Document damage and contact insurance companies.

    • Seek assistance from local disaster recovery services.

Additional Resources